Melville, Jean-Pierre


Melville, Jean-Pierre
(Jean-Pierre Grumbach / October 20, 1917, Paris, France - August 2, 1973, Paris, France)
   The son of a wholesale merchant, he filmed his first movies with a Pathé Baby camera when he was still a child. He began doing his military service in 1937 but was still in uniform when World War II broke out. In 1940, he was evacuated to England from Dunkirk. He asked to be assigned to the French Free Forces and took part in the African and Italian campaigns and the Provence landing in August 1944. He vainly tried to obtain the trainee assistant direc­tor card and decided to become his own producer. Thanks to the money he won with his first directing effort, the short Vingt-Quatre Heures de la Vie d'un Clown, he financed a personal project (Le Silence de la Mer). The huge commercial success of Quand tu liras cette Lettre allowed him to buy the Jenner stu­dios, which unfortunately were destroyed by fire in 1967 with all the director's archives. His pseudonym is a tribute to one of his favorite writers, Herman Melville. He played small parts in several films (1948 Les Drames du Bois de Boulogne, short, Jacques Loew; 1950 Orphée / USA: Orpheus, Jean Cocteau; 1957 Un Amour de Poche / UK: Nude in His Pocket / USA: Girl in His Pocket, Pierre Kast; 1960 A Bout de Souffle / UK: By a Tether / UK and USA: Breathless, Jean-Luc Godard; 1962 Le Signe du Lion / UK and USA: The Sign of Leo, Eric Rohmer, shot in 1959; 1963 Landru / Landrù / USA: Bluebeard, Claude Chabrol, France / Italy). He died of a heart attack at age fifty-five. In 2002, Neil Jordan filmed a remake of his movie Bob le Flambeur (2002 The Good Thief / L'Homme de la Riviera / Le Dernier Coup de Mr. Bob, Neil Jordan, USA / France / UK / Canada).
 Filmography
1945 ◘ Vingt-quatre Heures de la Vie d'un Clown (short; also screenwriter, producer)
        ◘ Le Silence de la Mer (also screenwriter, adapter, dialogist, producer; shot in 1947)
        ◘ Les Enfants terribles / UK and USA: The Strange Ones (also co-screenwriter, producer, produc­tion manager)
1953 ◘ Quand tu liras cette Lettre / Labbra proibite (also producer; France / Italy)
1956 ◘ Bob le Flambeur / UK: Bob the Gambler / USA: Fever Heat (also screenwriter, co-adapter, au­thor of commentary, narrator, producer)
        ◘ L'A.F.P. nous communique (unfinished)
        ◘ Deux Hommes dans Manhattan (also screenwriter, dialogist, producer, co-cinematographer, actor)
1961 ◘ Léon Morin, Prêtre / Leon Morin prete / UK: Leon Morin, Priest / USA: The Forgiven Sinner (also co-screenwriter, co-adapter, co-dialogist; France / Italy)
1963 ◘ Le Doulos / Los spione / UK: The Finger Man / USA: Doulos—The Finger Man (also screenwriter, adapter, dialogist, co-editor; France / Italy)
        ◘ L'Aîné des Ferchaux / Lo sciacallo / UK: Magnet of Doom / US TV: An Honorable Young Man (also screenwriter, adapter, dialogist; France / Italy)
        ◘ Le Deuxième Souffle / UK and USA: Second Breath (also screenwriter, adapter, co-dialogist, voice)
        ◘ Le Samouraï / Frank Costello, faccia d'angelo / USA: The Godson (also screenwriter, adapter, dialogist; France / Italy)
1969 ◘ L'Armée des Ombres / L'armata degli eroi / UK: Army in the Shadows / The Shadow Army / USA: Army of Shadows (also screenwriter, adapter, dialogist; France / Italy)
1970 ◘ Le Cercle rouge / I senza nome / UK and USA: The Red Circle (also screenwriter, adapter, di-alogist, editor; France / Italy)
1972 ◘ Un Flic / Notte sulla città / USA: Dirty Money / US DVD: A Cop (also screenwriter, dialogist; France / Italy)

Encyclopedia of French film directors . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Melville, Jean-Pierre — (1917 1973)    Director, producer, and screenwriter. Born Jean Pierre Grumbach in Paris in 1917, Jean Pierre Melville would only make thirteen films in his career. Nonetheless, like Robert Bresson and Max Ophuls (who were both his contemporaries) …   Guide to cinema

  • Melville, Jean-Pierre — (1917 1973)    Director, producer, and screenwriter. Born Jean Pierre Grumbach in Paris in 1917, Jean Pierre Melville would only make thirteen films in his career. Nonetheless, like Robert Bresson and Max Ophuls (who were both his contemporaries) …   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema

  • Melville, Jean-Pierre — ▪ French director pseudonym  of Jean pierre Grumbach   born Oct. 20, 1917, Paris died Aug. 2, 1973, Paris  French motion picture director whose early films strongly influenced the directors of the New Wave, the innovative French film movement of… …   Universalium

  • Melville, Jean-Pierre — pseud. di Grumbach, Jean Pierre …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Melville, Jean Pierre — • МЕЛЬВИ ЛЬ (Melville) Жан Пьер (наст. фам. Грумбах, Grumbach) (20.10.1917 2.8.1973)    франц. режиссёр, продюсер. В кино с сер. 40 х гг. Первый ф. к/м лента Двадцать четыре часа из жизни клоуна (1946). Известность получил после ф. Молчание моря… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Jean-Pierre Grumbach — Jean Pierre Melville Jean Pierre Melville Nom de naissance Jean Pierre Grumbach Naissance 20 octobre 1917 Paris, France Nationalité(s)  Française …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-pierre melville — Nom de naissance Jean Pierre Grumbach Naissance 20 octobre 1917 Paris, France Nationalité(s)  Française …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Pierre (prenom) — Jean Pierre Le prénom Jean Pierre, combinant les deux prénoms très courants d origine biblique Jean et Pierre, a connu en France une exceptionnelle et brève popularité au début du baby boom : à la fin des années 1940 et pendant les années… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Pierre (prénom) — Jean Pierre Le prénom Jean Pierre, combinant les deux prénoms très courants d origine biblique Jean et Pierre, a connu en France une exceptionnelle et brève popularité au début du baby boom : à la fin des années 1940 et pendant les années… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-pierre (prénom) — Jean Pierre Le prénom Jean Pierre, combinant les deux prénoms très courants d origine biblique Jean et Pierre, a connu en France une exceptionnelle et brève popularité au début du baby boom : à la fin des années 1940 et pendant les années… …   Wikipédia en Français

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