Astruc, Alexandre
(July 13, 1923, Paris, France - )
   The son of a writer and journalist father and a drawer mother, he had a passion for mathematics and literature that first led him to attend a preparatory school for Polytechnique, but he finally opted for other studies. After acquiring degrees in literature and law from the Sorbonne University during the Occupation, he befriended writer and poet Jean Les-cure, who introduced him to the world of arts and letters. He met Jean-Paul Sartre, Martin Heidegger, and Boris Vian and gave texts to literary reviews (Poésie 42, Confluences). In 1945, he published his first novel (1945 Les Vacances, Editions Gallimard). A journalist and sometimes editorialist for daily news­papers (France-Dimanche, Combat, Action), he was also a film critic and theoretician writing for Objectif 49, La Nef, L'Ecran Français, Les Temps modernes, and Les Cahiers du Cinéma. He remains famous for his theory of "Caméra-Stylo" (camera-pen), expounded in the March 1948 issue of L'Ecran Français, which affirmed that cinema was becoming a means of expression like the other arts and a language",a means of writing just as flexible as the written language." He made his de­but behind the camera as a second assistant director to Marc Allégret (Blanche Fury, UK). Then he directed two 16-mm amateur shorts and landed a job of first assistant director and adapter (1949 Jean de la Lune, Marcel Achard). He co-adapted Jean-Paul Sartre's play La P . . . respectueuse / UK and USA: The Respectful Pros­titute (Charles Brabant, 1952) and collaborated on the script of a Franco-Italian swashbuckling play from Alexandre Dumas, Le Vicomte de Bragelonne / Il Vis-conte di Bragelonne / USA: The Last Musketeer / Count of Bragelonne, Fernando Cerchio). As a director, he often adapted great authors (Maupassant, Poe, Barbey d'Aurevilly, Flaubert). He appeared in several docu­mentaries as himself (1949 Désordre, Jacques Bara-tier; 1967 Cinéastes de notre Temps, TV documentary, segment "Alexandre Astruc, l'Ascendant Taureau"; 1974 Histoires du cinéma français par ceux qui l'ont fait, Armand Panigel; 1993 François Truffaut / Portraits volés / UK and USA: François Truffaut: Stolen Portraits, Michel Pascal and Serge Toubiana) and feature films (1949 Rendez-vous de Juillet, Jacques Becker; 1950 La Valse de Paris, Marcel Achard; 1957 Un Amour de Poche / UK: Nude in the Pocket / USA: Nude in His Pocket, Pierre Kast; 1974 La Jeune Fille assassinée / Una vita bruciata / Ein wildes Leben / USA: Charlotte).
   Other works include 1964 Bassae (as author of commentary; documentary; short; Jean-Daniel Pollet), 1980 Comme le Temps passe (as co-screenwriter, co-adapter, co-dialogist; Alain Levent), 1981 Frère Martin (as co-screenwriter, co-adapter, co-dialogist; TV movie; Jean Delannoy), and 2001 Les Âmes fortes (as co-screenwriter, co-adapter, co-dialogist; Raul Ruiz).
 Filmography
        ◘ Aller et Retour (short; also screenwriter)
        ◘ Ulysse ou Les Mauvaises Rencontres (short; also screenwriter)
1953 ◘ Les Crimes de l'Amour (segment "Le Rideau cramoisi" / USA: "The Crimson Curtain"; also screenwriter, adapter, dialogist; shot in 1951-1952)
1955 ◘ Les Mauvaises Rencontres (also co-screenwriter, co-adapter, co-dialogist)
1958 ◘ Une Vie / Una vita / UK: One Life / USA: End of Desire (also co-screenwriter, co-adapter; France / Italy)
        ◘ La Proie pour l'Ombre / USA: Shadows of Adul­tery (also co-screenwriter)
        ◘ L'Education sentimentale / L'educazione senti­mentale / UK: Lessons in Love (France / Italy)
1965 ◘ La Longue Marche / USA: Long March (also co-screenwriter, co-adapter)
1968 ◘ Flammes sur l'Adriatique / Planem nad Jadranom / USA: Flames over the Adriatic (France / Yugoslavia)
1976 ◘ Sartre par lui-même (documentary; co-director with Michel Contat, Guy Seligmann)
 Television Filmography
1964 ◘ Le Puits et le Pendule / USA: The Pit and the
        ◘ Pendulum (also screenwriter, adapter)
1965 ◘ Evariste Galois / L'Eloge des Mathématiques:
        ◘ Evariste Galois (short; also screenwriter)
1969 ◘ Le Portrait ovale
        ◘ Rousseau musicien (documentary)
1970 ◘ Cinéastes de notre Temps (segment "Murnau")
1975 ◘ Les Grands Détectives (episode "La Lettre volée")
1978 ◘ Louis XI ou La Naissance d'un Roi
        ◘ Louis XI ou Le Pouvoir central
        ◘ A une Voix près . . . ou La Naissance de la Fille République (also co-screenwriter, co-dialogist)
        ◘ Arsène Lupin joue et perd (6 X 52'; also co-screenwriter, co-adapter, co-dialogist; France / Italy / Switzerland / West Germany)
        ◘ Histoires extraordinaires: La Chute de la Maison Usher
1989 ◘ Une Fille d'Eve (also screenwriter, dialogist)
1993 ◘ Albert Savarus (also screenwriter, adapter, dialogist)

Encyclopedia of French film directors . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Astruc, Alexandre — (1923 )    Film theorist and director. Alexandre Astruc began his film career as an assistant to Marc Allégret in Blanche Fury (1947). He is famous for his concept of the caméra stylo, which he articulated in Naissance d une nouvelle avant garde …   Guide to cinema

  • Astruc, Alexandre — (1923 )    Film theorist and director. Alexandre Astruc began his film career as an assistant to Marc Allégret in Blanche Fury (1947). He is famous for his concept of the caméra stylo, which he articulated in Naissance d une nouvelle avant garde …   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema

  • Astruc, Alexandre — • АСТРЮ К (Astruc) Александр (р. 13.7.1923)    франц. режиссёр, писатель, теоретик кино. Работал журналистом, кинокритиком, ассист. режиссёра. Снял эксперим. к/м ф. Туда и обратно (1948), Улисс, или Дурные встречи (1949), Багряный занавес (1953,… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Astruc — is a surname and may refer to:* Abba Mari (13th century), French rabbi who tool the name Astruc * Alexandre Astruc (born 1923), French film critic and director * Jean Astruc (1684 1766), French medical professor * Zacharie Astruc, French sculptor …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandre Astruc — (* 13. Juli 1923 in Paris) ist ein französischer Filmregisseur, Drehbuchautor und Schriftsteller. Nach dem Abitur wollte Astruc zuerst mit einem Ingenieurstudium beginnen, studierte dann aber Jura und Kunst und schloss beide Studiengänge… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Astruc — ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name tritt unter Juden Südfrankreichs und Spaniens häufig auf. Bekannte Namensträger Alexandre Astruc (* 1923), französischer Filmregisseur, Drehbuchautor und Schriftsteller Didier Astruc (* 1946] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexandre Astruc — is a French film critic and film director born July 13 1923, in Paris (France).His role in the auteur theory is noted in his notion of the caméra stylo or camera pen and the idea that a director should wield his camera like a writer uses his pen… …   Wikipedia

  • Astruc — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Astruc (homonymie). Astruc est un patronyme (et autrefois un prénom) judéo occitan[1]. Sommaire 1 Distribution …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexandre Astruc — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Astruc (homonymie). Alexandre Astruc est un réalisateur, scénariste et écrivain français, né le 13 juillet 1923 à Paris. Sommaire 1 Parcours …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Astruc (homonymie) —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Astruc est un nom de famille notamment porté par : En Astruc de Lunel (XIIIe siècle) est un rabbin natif de Lunel (Hérault) ; …   Wikipédia en Français

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